Guide to US Drug Laws | (2023)

Federal drug laws, including the Controlled Substances Act, regulate the possession, trafficking, and manufacture of drugs.

While states have their own drug laws, federal laws supersede federal laws, including those related to the medical/recreational use of marijuana. No federal law regulates drug testing for private companies, but certain laws provide protection for employees.

Federal Drug Laws

Federal drug laws exist to control the use, manufacture, possession, and distribution of various legal and illegal drugs.1

Federal agencies work with state and local law enforcement agencies to ensure effective controls on substances considered dangerous to individuals and society. Federal agents primarily target human trafficking, but state agencies make the majority of arrests for drug crimes, and many of those arrests are for possession.1

Each state has its own drug laws and regulations, but the Controlled Substances Act allows the feds to enforce federal drug laws in any jurisdiction, regardless of state law.1

Narcotics Law

President Richard Nixon pushed for greater government control over drugs in the early 1970s. During his presidency, the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act was passed in 1970.1One aspect of that law was the Controlled Substances Act (CSA), which allowed federal jurisdiction over certain plants, drugs, and chemicals. He established a drug classification or classification system.1

(Video) Drug Laws and Controlled Substances Lecture

OCSAconsiders a variety of factors when classifying medications into control categories, including the following:4

  • The potential for abuse, either real or relative.
  • Scientific evidence of the pharmacological effects of the drug.
  • All scientific knowledge about the drug.
  • Drug history and all information about patterns of abuse
  • How widespread is drug abuse?
  • Public health risks
  • How likely is it that the drug will cause physical or psychological dependence?
  • When the substance is part of the manufacturing process of another controlled drug

The drugs are then classified into 1 of 5 lists:4

  • Schedule I drugs have a high potential for abuse, have no accepted medical treatment in the United States, and are unsafe even when supervised by a physician. Heroin, GHB, LSD, quaaludes, and marijuana are examples of Schedule I drugs.
  • Schedule II drugs have a high potential for abuse and dependence, but can be used in the United States under strict controls. Cocaine, PCP (phencyclidine), methamphetamine, and opioids such as methadone, fentanyl, morphine, and hydrocodone are Schedule II substances.
  • Class III drugs have a lower potential for abuse than Class I or Class II drugs, are accepted as part of medical treatment, and their misuse can lead to severe psychological dependence and/or mild to moderate physical dependence. These medications includecodeine medicationwith aspirin or paracetamol, anabolic steroids and some barbiturates.
  • Class IV drugs have less potential for abuse and psychological or physical dependence than those listed above and are currently accepted for medical use. These include the pain reliever tramadol (Ultram), as well as benzodiazepines such as alprazolam (Xanax), clonazepam (Klonopin), and diazepam (Valium).
  • Class V drugs have even less potential for abuse or addiction, are accepted as legitimate medical treatments, and include codeine-containing cough suppressants.

Anti-drug abuse laws of 1986 and 1988

The Substance Abuse Control Act of 1986 allowed the CSA to list substances that look like controlled substances (for example, synthetic drugs) as Schedule I drugs. It also established mandatory minimum penalties for drug trafficking at the federal level, depending on the substance and quantity involved. .

This law also dealt with the differences between dust andcrack-kokain. For example, a person had to be caught with 100 times more powder cocaine than crack to receive the strictest minimum sentence (the ratio was later reduced from 100:1 to 18:1 in 2010).1

The Drug Abuse Control Act of 1988 was enacted to reduce the availability and demand for drugs.1This law created the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) and the office of the Drug Czar (Director of National Drug Control Policy).1It introduced criminal penalties for CSA violations in the states and also introduced mandatory minimum sentences for juveniles involved in drug offenses.1Finally, the law also created the Chemical Diversion and Trafficking Act (CDTA) to reduce the availability of chemicals used in the manufacture of illicit drugs.1

The new mandatory minimum criminal laws have caused an increase in the prison population for drug-related crimes. Approximately half of the federal prison population is serving time for drug offenses. The vast majority of this group was involved in drug trafficking (96%), while only 0.8% were serving prison terms for drug possession in 2013.1


The burden of possession can be divided into 2 categories: simple possession and possession with distributive intent.

(Video) DEA Controlled Substance Drug Schedules - Pharmacy Law Test Prep Study Guide NAPLEX, PTCB PTCE

  • Simple possession is when a person is caught with a small amount of an illegal substance for personal use.5Under federal law, simple possession is a misdemeanor punishable by up to a year in prison and/or a fine of at least $1,000, while state penalties vary widely.2, 5Drug paraphernalia may also be illegal and result in a possession report if the paraphernalia contains drug residue, e.g. B. in a whistle or syringe, or sold expressly for drug use.6
  • Distributive possession is when a person is caught with a large amount divided into smaller bags and may have scales or large amounts of cash. This crime has more serious consequences.2, 6

trade or distribution

Drug trafficking and distribution laws provide penalties for the transportation, sale, or smuggling of drugs. This term also applies to the illegal distribution of prescription drugs.7

Human trafficking is a crime and the penalties depend on the substance or substances, the amount of drugs involved, where the drugs were distributed, where the drugs were seized, and how the drugs were distributed to minors.7

heavy drugs

  • The minimum federal penalties for trafficking powdered cocaine in quantities of 500 to 4,999 grams are 5 to 40 years in prison with a fine of up to $5 million.2,3
  • Trafficking 1 to 9 grams of LSD (acid), 5 to 49 grams of pure methamphetamine, 50 to 499 grams of mixed methamphetamine, and 100 to 999 grams of mixed heroin carries the same penalties as cocaine. .2,3
  • Sentences for the second offense with these drugs range from 10 years to life in prison, with a fine of up to $8 million.2,3


  • Penalties for trafficking less than 50 kilograms of marijuana include up to 5 years in prison and a fine of up to $250,000 for the first offense. A second violation carries a penalty of up to 10 years and a $500,000 fine.2,3
  • Trafficking 50 to 99 kilograms of marijuana can carry up to 20 years in prison or $1 million for the first offense.2,3
  • Larger amounts are penalized more severely.2,3


Manufacturing refers to participation in every step of the manufacture of an illicit drug, such as B. Selling chemicals used to make drugs, or equipment used to make drugs, or assisting in the production process.8

Growingmarihuanacounts as manufacturing along with methamphetamine production.8A person caught with 1 to 49 feet of marijuana can face up to 5 years in prison and a fine of up to $250,000. A person caught with more than 1,000 plants could face 10 years to life in prison and a fine of up to $10 million on first offenses.2, 3

Manufacturing illegal drugs near schools or playgrounds can result in double fines and penalties.8

marijuana laws

Guide to US Drug Laws | (1)

Federal law considers marijuana a Schedule I drug, with penalties for possession, distribution, cultivation, or sale of marijuana. However, several states have enacted laws and regulations governing the medicinal and even recreational use of marijuana.1

(Video) A Brief History of Drug Laws in America (From 'The House I Live In' Directed by Eugene Jarecki)

When it comes to marijuana, federal law enforcement has traditionally focused on criminal networks rather than individuals.1However, current Attorney General Jeff Sessions, an opponent of legalization, has moved to remove protections for medical marijuana growers, sellers, and users.9He was quoted as saying that "legalization will lead to more use" and that "federal law remains in effect."17

Medical marijuana is legal in the following states:10

  • Alabama
  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • District of Colombia
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Hawai
  • Idaho
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Measurements
  • Montana
  • Nevada
  • new hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • NY
  • North Carolina
  • north dakota
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • Oregon
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Utah
  • Vermont
  • Virginia
  • Washington
  • West Virginia
  • Wisconsin
  • Wyoming

States that have legalized recreational marijuana include:10

  • Alaska.
  • California.
  • District of Colombia.
  • Colorado.
  • Maine.
  • Massachusetts.
  • Nevada.
  • Oregon.
  • Washington.

The medicinal or recreational use of marijuana also differs by state. California, for example, does not list specific medical conditions that justify medical marijuana, while other states such as Iowa, Mississippi, Missouri, Oklahoma, and Tennessee only allow people with severe epilepsy or other debilitating conditions to use marijuana for medical purposes.10

States like California and Colorado are also open to recreational use, while more conservative states tend to be negative about marijuana use in any form.10

state drug laws

Each state has individual drug crime laws, and these laws can vary greatly. Each state has its own statutory agencies, scheduling bodies, and Controlled Substances Laws, although federal agencies may assume jurisdiction at any time.1,11

(Video) How to Pass a Drug Test (After Doing Lots of Drugs) | Vanity Code | Vanity Fair

Most drug crimes are handled at the state level. In 2012, the DEA made just over 30,000 drug arrestsstate and municipal policemade more than 1.3 million drug-related arrests.1

Various federal agencies, including the DEA, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the US Marshals Service (USMS), the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the US Postal Inspection Service, and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms. and Explosives (ATF) are working with state and local officials to reduce drug use and distribution across the country.1

The consequences of drug possession can vary greatly from state to state.

  • In Illinois, possession of less than one ounce of marijuana is punishable by a fine of up to $1,500 and/or up to 30 days in jail. Possession of 2.5 to 10 grams can carry the same fine with up to 6 months in prison, while being caught with 15 to 100 grams of heroin, cocaine, or methamphetamine carries a criminal charge of 4 to 15 years in prison and/or a fine. from up to $200,000.12
  • In Massachusetts, possession of one ounce (18 grams) or less of marijuana is punishable by a $100 fine and confiscation of the drugs.13
  • In Texas, possession of less than 2 ounces of marijuana is punishable by a fine of up to $2,000 and/or up to 180 days in jail, between 2 and 4 ounces can result in up to one year in jail and/or a fine of up to $4,000 and possession of 4 ounces to 5 pounds of marijuana can result in a prison sentence of 180 days to two years and a fine of up to $10,000.14

Labor and drug testing laws

Several state requirements affect drug testing in the workplace. Private employers do not need a policy to ensure drug-free workplaces, except for federal contractors and companies in safety-related or safety-sensitive industries.15,16

There are two categories of federal substance use laws in the workplace: those that focus on substance use in the workplace and those that protect the civil rights of workers. The second type includesvarious legal acts and directives, Including:15

  • Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 – This law prevents businesses with more than 15 employees from discriminating against applicants or employees based on a history of drug use or visitssubstance use treatment. This law also ensures that companies cannot drug-test employees simply because they act or appear to be under the influence of a substance, since physical symptoms or behavior can be attributed to physical or mental health problems. Questioning whether someone is taking legally prescribed drugs during the pre-employment drug screening is also prohibited.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964 (CRA): The CRA ensures that private companies with 15 or more employees do not discriminate against employees or prospective employees based on race, gender, religion, or ethnicity when selecting specific individuals for drug testing.
  • Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) of 1993 – This law applies to all public employers and private businesses with more than 50 employees. The FMLA also ensures that any employee who has been employed for at least one year and has worked at least 1,250 hours in the past year can take up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave to seek treatment for drug use or drug-related physical illness. drugs, or to care for a close family member who is seeking treatment for a substance abuse or drug-related medical condition. They are sure that they can return to the same (or similar) position.
  • National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) of 1935: The NLRA affects workers who are union members. It ensures that any programs implemented for drug test workers must be negotiated and agreed to by the union. It also requires the employer and union to be clear about when the test will take place, along with the penalties for employees who test positive for drugs or alcohol.

No federal law directly supervises drug testing in the workplace.sixteenDifferent states have developed their own guidelines for drug testing. For example, some states require the employer to have reasonable suspicion or probable cause before a drug test, even though this policy may violate the ADA.15,16Other states allow random drug testing only under certain circumstances, while the restrictions may only apply to public employers and not private companies.sixteen

Some examples of government guidelines are:sixteen

(Video) Here's what your drug test will look like

  • Arizona: Private businesses, all school districts, and transportation companies that serve school districts are drug tested. Applicants and employees must be informed in writing of the drug testing policy for it to take effect, and any transportation employee may be tested in the event of an accident or probable cause.
  • Idaho: All employers can order drug tests. Employees must receive a drug test notice stating what type of test will be performed and that violating or refusing a test can result in dismissal for misconduct and denial of unemployment benefits.
  • Maryland: All employers may drug test all applicants and only employees if they have a valid business reason.

Items for the treatment of alcohol and drug addiction

  • Inpatient rehabilitation programs
  • Outpatient rehabilitation programs
  • 28 day rehabilitation programs
  • 60 day rehabilitation programs
  • 90 day rehabilitation programs
  • How to use insurance to pay for drug or alcohol rehab
  1. Sacco, LN (2014).Drug Control in the United States: History, Politics, and Trends.
  2. Seattle Pacific University. (North Dakota.).Summary of Federal and State Drug Laws.
  3. Drug Control Agency. (North Dakota.).Federal penalties for human trafficking.
  4. Drug Control Agency. (2017).Drugs of Abuse: A DEA Resource Guide.
  5. United States Correctional Services Commission. (2015).Collection Consideration: Simple Possession of Drugs in Federal Criminal Law.
  6. Thomson Reuters. (2015).Overview of drug possession.
  7. Thomson Reuters. (2017).drug trafficking/distribution.
  8. Thomson Reuters. (2017).Manufacture and cultivation of medicines.
  9. Los Angeles Times. (2017).Trump and Sessions are ignoring the overwhelming voter support for medical marijuana. Will Congress listen?
  10. National Conference of State Legislators. (2017).State Medical Marijuana Laws.
  11. United States Drug Enforcement Administration. (North Dakota.).The Narcotics Law.
  12. Illinois Wesleyan University. (North Dakota.).Illinois Drug Laws.
  13. Boston University. (North Dakota.).Illegal drugs and alcohol.
  14. Southern Methodist University. (North Dakota.).Texas State Law and Penalties for Controlled Substances.
  15. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Management Services. (2015).Federal Laws and Regulations.
  16. American Union for Civil Rights. (2000).State Workplace Drug Testing Laws.
  17. Angel, T. (2017).Jeff Sessions criticizes the legalization of marijuana (again).Forbes.


What is the law on drugs in the US? ›

Possession, use, or distribution of illicit drugs is prohibited by federal law. Strict penalties are provided for drug convictions, including mandatory prison terms for many offenses. Penalties increase significantly where use of the illicit drugs results in death or serious bodily injury.

What is the most important federal drug law in the United States? ›

The Controlled Substances Act (CSA) places all substances which were in some manner regulated under existing federal law into one of five schedules. This placement is based upon the substance's medical use, potential for abuse, and safety or dependence liability.

Who controls drug laws in the US? ›

The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) is the lead Federal agency in enforcing narcotics and controlled substances laws and regulations.

How long do you go to jail for smuggling drugs in the US? ›

Smuggling Drugs Into the United States

For many Schedule I and II controlled substances, the first trafficking offense is punishable by at least 5 years in prison. If someone was seriously injured in the process, the minimum sentence is moved to 20 years.

What drugs are decriminalized in us? ›

In November 2020, Oregon voters passed Measure 110, which decriminalized the possession for personal use of small amounts of all drugs, including cocaine, heroin, LSD, methamphetamine, and oxycodone. Oregon is the only U.S. state to have implemented this policy.

What is the DEA 5% rule? ›

As a reminder, DEA's regulations allow practitioners to distribute, without being registered with DEA as a distributor, up to 5% of the total controlled substances dispensed in a calendar year.

What is the DEA rule change for 2023? ›

On 10 May 2023, DEA published its Temporary Rule that will (i) extend the full set of telemedicine flexibilities regarding controlled substance prescriptions that were in effect during the PHE through 11 November 2023 and (ii) extend such flexibilities for an additional year, through 11 November 2024, for any ...

What is the 21 U.S. Code? ›

The Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) is a codification of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the Executive departments and agencies of the Federal Government..

Can you work for the DEA if you've done drugs? ›

DEA is firmly committed to a drug-free society and workplace. Applicants for employment with the DEA, to include paid and unpaid employees; and contractors, who are currently using illegal drugs, or abusing legal drugs or substances at the time of the application process, will not be selected for employment.

What is the three part approach to the drug policy of the United States? ›

Most experts agree that it is a three-pronged approach of prevention/education, law enforcement, and rehabilitation.

When did the U.S. start regulating drugs? ›

Federal regulation of drugs emerged as early as 1848, under a law that addressed only imported drugs. In 1905 the American Medical Association launched a private, voluntary means of controlling a substantial part of the drug marketplace, a system that remained in place for over a half-century.

How much do drug mules make? ›

Males and females, as well as U.S. citizens and non- U.S. citizens are all well represented among mules. We also find that mule compensation is substantial (median $1,313), and varies with load characteristics.

Who were the biggest drug lords? ›

Pablo Emilio Escobar Gaviria (December 1, 1949 – December 2, 1993) was a Colombian drug overlord. Often referred to as the "World's Greatest Outlaw", Escobar was perhaps the most elusive cocaine trafficker to have ever existed. He is considered the 'King of Cocaine' and is known as the lord of all drug lords.

What happens if you get caught with drugs at the US border? ›

If you attempt to cross a border with controlled substances without authorization, you could: be charged with a serious criminal offence. be denied entry at your destination. be denied entry to other countries in the future.

How many states are decriminalizing drugs? ›

Since the fall of 2020, three states have enacted legislation that eliminates criminal penalties for some or all controlled substances, including, for example, methamphetamine, heroin, cocaine, and psilocybin.

What would happen if all drugs were decriminalized? ›

Decriminalization benefits public safety and health

The rate of addiction, overdoses, and HIV/AIDS sharply decreased. More people entered drug treatment programs.

Which states is decriminalization legal? ›

States with Marijuana Decriminalization Laws
NebraskaNevada*New Hampshire
New Mexico*New York*North Carolina**
North Dakota**Ohio**Oregon*
Rhode Island*Vermont*Virginia*
4 more rows

What drugs can you buy in Oregon? ›

Here are the legal limits for decriminalized drugs:
  • Heroin: less than 1 gram.
  • MDMA: less than 1 gram, or less than five pills.
  • Methamphetamine: less than 2 grams.
  • LSD: less than 40 units.
  • Psilocybin: less than 12 grams.
  • Methadone: less than 40 units.
  • Oxycodone: less than 40 pills.
  • Cocaine: less than 2 grams.
Jan 11, 2021

Are edibles legal in Florida? ›

Is it a felony in Florida to possess marijuana edibles or oils without a prescription? Yes, a person caught without a prescription in possession of marijuana in the form of an edible or a vape is at risk of being charged with a felony offense pursuant to Florida Statute § 893.13(6)(a) and §893.03(1)(b)(190).

What triggers a DEA investigation? ›

Any providers who prescribe or dispense controlled substances may be investigated by the DEA, including in cases where they are suspected of writing or filling prescriptions illegally or where they may have participated in a conspiracy to distribute, dispense, or possess a controlled substance.

What is the DEA three day rule? ›

A limitation of this regulation includes that “not more than one day's medication may be administered to the person or for the person's use at one time. Such emergency treatment may be carried out for not more than three days and may not be renewed or extended.”

What is the DEA standard of conduct? ›

The actions taken by DEA and by its employees are founded on personal responsibility, honesty, loyalty, and respect for others and for the environment.

What is the DEA limit for Adderall? ›

The spokesperson provided some numbers to show how this works: For 2023, the FDA estimated just over 38,000 kilograms of amphetamine would be sufficient to meet the demand for Adderall and its generics – and the DEA set the quota at 42,400 kilograms.

What is the cut off age for DEA? ›

To be eligible to apply, you need to meet the following criterion: Must be 21 years old, and no older than 36 years old at the time of appointment.

Can you get a 90 day supply of a controlled substance in California? ›

Question: How long is a controlled substance prescription valid? Answer: Health & Safety Code Section 11200 (a) specifies that no person shall dispense or refill a controlled substance more than six months (180 days) after the date written.

What is U.S. Code 7? ›

The electors of President and Vice President of each State shall meet and give their votes on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December next following their appointment at such place in each State as the legislature of such State shall direct.

What is U.S. Code 13? ›

It is against the law to disclose or publish any private information that identifies an individual or business such, including names, addresses (including GPS coordinates), Social Security Numbers, and telephone numbers.

What is Section 18 of the U.S. Code? ›

Title 18 of the United States Code is the main criminal code of the federal government of the United States. The Title deals with federal crimes and criminal procedure.

Is it hard to get into DEA? ›

Is it hard to become a DEA agent? The DEA's hiring process can take up to 12 months, involving numerous difficult steps. It is tough but rewarding for those who successfully complete all the hiring phases.

What is the life of a DEA agent? ›

DEA Special Agents take on exciting challenges such as conducting complex criminal investigations, arresting violators and confiscating illegal drugs. They work in undercover situations, conduct financial investigations, collect and prepare evidence, and testify in court.

Can DEA agents make arrests? ›

Essentially, this means a peace officer or DEA agent can make an arrest if there is good reason to suspect you committed a felony or a gross misdemeanor and/or if a warrant has been issued or charges have been levied.

What are the three pillars of drugs? ›

A major tenet of a successful drug addiction treatment program is to overcome the stigma of substance use disorder with empathy, knowledge, and understanding. These align well with the three pillars: Therapy, Support, and Education.

What is a third tier drug? ›

Level or Tier 3: High-cost, mostly brand-name drugs that may have generic or brand-name alternatives in Levels 1 or 2. Level or Tier 4: Highest-cost, mostly brand-name drugs.

What is the difference between legal and decriminalized? ›

What are the key differences? These two terms are not synonymous. Decriminalization means a person will not face criminal penalties for being in possession of a substance, but the law may still allow police to confiscate it, and there is no structure in place to provide any legal, regulated supply.

What were the first two important drug acts in the United States? ›

The 1906 Pure Food and Drugs Act and the 1906 Meat Inspection Act. The first general pure food and drug law at the federal level was not enacted until 1906 with the passage of the Pure Food and Drugs Act.

What laws does the FDA enforce? ›

It regulates all foods and food ingredients introduced into or offered for sale in interstate commerce except for meat, poultry and some egg and catfish (which are regulated by USDA); ensures the safety and effectiveness of all drugs, biological products (including blood, vaccines and cellular and gene therapy products ...

What department is above the FDA? ›

FDA is an agency within the Department of Health and Human Services.

Which drug dealer is the richest? ›

Now, let's take a look at the 10 richest drug lords of all time.
  • Al Capone: $1.47 Billion. ...
  • Griselda Blanco: $2.26 Billion. ...
  • El Chapo: $3 Billion. ...
  • Carlos Lehder: $3.05 Billion. ...
  • The Orejuela Bros: $3.39 Billion. ...
  • (tied) Jose Gonzalo Rodriguez Gacha: $5.65 Billion. ...
  • (tied) Khun Sa: $5.65 Billion.
Sep 17, 2020

Who is the largest drug mule in the world? ›

Leo Sharp
Resting placeNational Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific Honolulu, Hawaii, U.S.
Other namesEl Tata
Occupation(s)Florist Drug courier for the Sinaloa Cartel
Known forOldest drug mule in the world
11 more rows

What is the biggest money making drug? ›

With Pfizer and BioNTech's COVID-19 vaccine Comirnaty generating $36.8 billion in sales in 2021—the most for any pharma product in history—Humira couldn't compete for the top spot, even though the immunology superstar surpassed the $20 billion mark in sales for the first time.

Do cartels target tourists? ›

Still, experts agree tourists are not the preferred target. “Most tourists will never meet the cartels. In other words, violence is often generic. The violence tourists face is much more local,” Hope said.

Who is the No 1 drug dealer in the world? ›

The richest drug dealer according to Forbes is currently Joaquin Guzman Loera (Mexico) the head of the Sinaloa Cartel who has an estimated fortune of USD£;1 billion (GBP£;722 million) gained from drug trafficking.

Which drug lord has never been caught? ›

Frank Matthews (drug trafficker)
Frank Matthews
BornFrank Larry MatthewsFebruary 13, 1944 Durham, North Carolina, U.S.
DisappearedJune 26, 1973 (aged 29) New York City, New York, U.S.
StatusMissing for 49 years, 10 months and 29 days
Other names"Black Caesar", "Pee Wee", "Mark IV"
9 more rows

What does the DEA do with seized drugs? ›

Contractors destroy illegal drugs seized by U.S. Customs and Border Patrol, or turn them over to other agencies, such as the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), which destroys marijuana at incinerators approved by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The DEA burns other illegal drugs at its labs.

Are there drug dogs at the border? ›

Dogs purchased by the U.S. Border Patrol are immediately sent to one of the "sniffer-dog academies." There the animals are introduced to selected agent handlers, with whom they work for 9 weeks. Upon graduation, the teams are qualified to locate narcotics and hidden illegal aliens.

How much time do you get for smuggling drugs from Mexico? ›

According to U.S. Code, Title 18, Part I, Chapter 27, anyone that knowingly smuggled goods into the United States that they should have been billed for or are illegal can be sentenced to up to 20 years in prison.

What is the statute of limitations for drugs in USA? ›

Is There a Statute of Limitations on Drug Charges? The statute of limitations for drug conspiracy charges varies state by state. However, under the federal drug conspiracy law of 21 U.S.C. Section 846, the government must bring drug charges within five years of committing the crime.

What is the statute of limitations for drug use in USA? ›

A statute of limitation is a law that prohibits charging an individual with a crime that was committed after a certain period of time has passed. In federal drug crime cases, individuals cannot be charged after 60 months (5 years) have passed from the date of the alleged offense.

What happens if you get caught with drugs at the border? ›

The laws when it comes to California drug trafficking is very clear. According to U.S. Code, Title 18, Part I, Chapter 27, anyone that knowingly smuggled goods into the United States that they should have been billed for or are illegal can be sentenced to up to 20 years in prison.

What is the drug Act of 1972? ›

On November 14, 1972 the Dangerous Drugs Board was created and mandated to be the policy-making and coordinating agency on all drug abuse-related matters including law enforcement, treatment and rehabilitation, prevention, training and information, and research and statistics.

What crimes in the US have no statute of limitations? ›

Which Federal Crimes Have No Statute of Limitations?
  • Capital murder.
  • Murder of a federal employee.
  • Treason.
  • Espionage.
  • Sexual offenses against minors.
Feb 2, 2023

How long is a sentence for having drugs? ›

The average length of a sentence for drug possession on state charges is about 20 months, or a little bit less than two years. The average length of a sentence on federal charges is 81 months or less than 7 years. One reason for this difference is that more severe charges are more likely to be filed on a federal level.

What crime has the shortest statute of limitations? ›

Severe crimes, such as murder, typically have no maximum period. Under international law, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and genocide have no statute of limitations.

What is the statute of limitations on a felony drug charge in Texas? ›

A: The statute of limitations for felony drug possession in Texas is three years from the date on which the offense was committed in Texas.

What is the statute of limitations in Texas for possession of drugs? ›

Under Article 12.01(7), unless the felony offense is otherwise listed, the applicable statute of limitations is three years from the date of the commission of the offense.

What is the statute of limitations on drugs in NY? ›

In New York, felony offenses, particularly murder, rape, and class A offenses have no limit in the statute of limitations. First-degree drug possession is found within class A federal crimes, which means that it has no limit within the statute of limitations. All the other felonies are within a five-year limitation.

What is the record amount of drugs seized at the border? ›

CBP officers intercepted the largest seizure in the history of the port with almost $1 million worth of fentanyl and methamphetamine at the Andrade Port of Entry.

What does the DEA do with drugs? ›

The mission of the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) is to ensure the safety and health of American communities by combating criminal drug networks bringing harm, violence, overdoses, and poisonings to the United States.

What are the 4 types of controlled substances? ›

The control applies to the way the substance is made, used, handled, stored, and distributed. Controlled substances include opioids, stimulants, depressants, hallucinogens, and anabolic steroids.

What was the drug Act of 1983? ›

Congress passed the Orphan Drug Act of 1983 to stimulate the development of drugs for rare diseases. 1 Prior to passage of this historic legislation, private industry had little incentive to invest money in the development of treatments for small patient populations, because the drugs were expected to be unprofitable.

What is the drugs Act 2001? ›

The main purpose of the Act is to prevent the misuse of controlled drugs and achieves this by imposing a complete ban on the possession, supply, manufacture, import and export of controlled drugs except as allowed by regulations or by licence from the Secretary of State.


1. This is How Drugs Get Smuggled Into Europe | Informer
2. A terrible guide to the terrible terminology of U.S. Health Insurance
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3. Pharma execs used strip clubs, broke FDA laws to boost opioid sales
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4. Remember Pharmacy Laws and Drug Regulations 2019 PTCB Exam Crash Course Part III
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5. Pharmacy Law
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6. Why Portugal Decriminalized All Drugs | The War on Drugs


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