Data Center Fire Suppression: Overview and Protection Guide - C&C Technology Group (2023)

Last updated on January 21, 2023 by Josh Mahan

A fire can cause significant damage, especially in a data center.All these data and devices can be lost. If you want to protect your data center, you must have a proper firefighting plan in place that can help prevent a fire from causing widespread problems. However, not all firefighting plans are created equal. Here is an overview of fire suppression systems and how to implement one in your data center.

Do you manage a data center and want to find ways to properly maintain it? Fires can occur for a variety of reasons, including equipment that has not been properly cleaned. inside, we offer power, cleaning and other solutions to keep your data center in top condition.


What is data center firefighting?

A data center fire suppression system refers to various methods to prevent a fire from spreading throughout the data center. Many of themFire suppression systems are designed to target specific areas of the data center, such as: B. Racks or individual rooms.. Most fire suppression systems prevent fires from spreading throughout the building. Unfortunately, if you can't contain a fire, you could lose all that valuable data. While most data is stored in the cloud, a fire that damages your hardware or other physical media can hurt your business financially.

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If you're ready to invest in a data center fire suppression system, keep this in mindAll data centers have inherent fire risks. These fire hazards can include damaged or faulty wiring, hardware, HVAC equipment, and wiring. Even these raised floors and drop ceilings can increase the likelihood of a fire in your data center. Fire suppression systems are designed to stop a fire as it starts, protecting data center equipment and personnel. While portable sprinklers and fire extinguishers can help workers put out a fire or get to safety in the event of a fire, these extinguishing systems can prevent widespread damage.

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Fire protection walls and floor attachments are known as passive fire protection., and can slow the spread of fire. A data center fire suppression system helps protect your equipment. Yes, if a sprinkler goes off on your equipment, all of those components will be damaged. However, a fire suppression system in the data center can detect and stop the fire before the water-based equipment in the room explodes.

This data equipment is expensive. The last thing you want to do is replace it due to water damage. In addition, your computer contains all the important information. This is why you should think about these specialized firefighting systems.

Risks in the data center

Data centers are, for the most part, well-oiled machines, howeverAccidents can happen. Even though data centers work with the best equipment and technology,data center firescan always happen. According to the Uptime Institute, there were25 data fires in recent history.

Unfortunately, with any type of data center service, there is a risk., including Amazon Web Services, Google Drive and iCloud. Most data centers use fire suppression systems to reduce the impact of fires. You need to find a professional data center provider that can help you deal with these disasters.

Many things can be the cause of a data center fire.Raised floors, cables, wires, digital equipment, dropped ceilings, and HVAC equipment are often responsible for these fires.. The cables could be damaged and cause a fire. A buildup of debris and dust on racks makes its core vulnerable to fire. If the dust heats up, it can start a fire in these rooms. Even poor repairs and maintenance can result in a devastating fire and costly damage.

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While some ofThe causes of a data fire can be characterized as an accident, many more of these fires could have been prevented with maintenance and repairsData center cleaning.

Automatic fire suppression systems are vital for data centers

These firefighting systems are designed to do thatrecognize each fire as soon as it begins. Once detected, the system works to remove it immediately. All fire extinguishing systems have one goal: to prevent the fire from spreading to the center and the rest of the facility. When there is heat or flame, the system will alarm and work to suppress the fire.

ÖState Fire Brigade Association classifies fires into five classes, Including:

  • Class A: Loaded with combustible materials such as wood or paper
  • Class B: filled with flammable liquids or flammable gases
  • Class C: includes electrical equipment
  • Class D: uses combustible metals as a fuel source
  • Class K: uses cooking oil or fat as a fuel source

Most data centers use Class A, B, and C fire suppression systems. Classes D and K are not common in data centers.

Fire fighting systems for data centers

Take a lookdifferent types of fire suppression systems for a data center. Many of these systems differ from each other. They can fall into the categories of Engineered Fire Suppression Systems or Pre-engineered Fire Suppression Systems. The critical part of any data center suppression system isStop the fire without damaging expensive equipment. The best data center firefighting methods leave no messy residue to spray the room with water.

These technical firefighting systems flood the room with a "clean agent". These agents are gaseous, suitable for fire extinguishers or electrically non-conductive. EITHERThe most important cleaning agents are halogenated hydrocarbons and fluorinated ketones.. When these funds are distributed, they do not affect the oxygen in the room. They combine chemical and physical mechanisms to extinguish a fire.

Sheleaves no residue after evaporationwhen they fill the space. Clean agent fire suppression systems are designed to stop a fire before the flame or heat causes the sprinkler system to work. Once the clean agent suppresses the fire, building ventilation systems can quickly remove the agent from the room; These systems work without harming the data center equipment or the people working in the room. Clean agents are stored as a liquid but can be released quickly as a gas.

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Due to the lack of extinguishing residuesData centers don't have to spend money on new equipment or cleaning up after a fire. If you are looking for an environmentally friendly option, consider inert gases. Compared to halocarbon or fluoroketone based cleaners, these gases smother the fire by reducing oxygen levels in the data center. When the oxygen level is reduced, the fire no longer burns. This process is more environmentally friendly than other types of plants because the inert gases do not contribute to ozone depletion.

A pre-engineered fire suppression system will not be flooded with detergent. These systems are designed to protect smaller spaces such as dash panels, engine compartments and luggage racks.

A water mist fire extinguishing system is designed for a data center. Many fire suppressants use water. For example, sprinklers are often required on a building. While these sprinklers protect the building in the event of a fire, the water will damage your hardware and other equipment. Water puts out fire, but it's also destructive. Instead of dumping water on your hardware,Water mist fire extinguishing systems are an alternative solution.

The water mist fire extinguishing systemuses atomized water droplets smaller than 100 microns. These tiny droplets turn the water into steam. Because these water droplets are smaller than those from a water sprinkler, they evaporate more quickly, reducing the amount of water needed to extinguish a data center fire. Yes, water is still used. However, the water droplets used in the high-pressure water mist system vaporize at a faster rate, meaning that equipment, equipment or other items are less likely to be damaged during the firefighting phase.

Not only can you reduce the risk of water damage to your gear, but you can toolower water consumption for the data center. These high pressure water mist systems use less water than a traditional water sprinkler, resulting in lower water bills in the event of a fire. In addition, there are no high costs for cleaning up after a fire in the data center.

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fire detection methods

Along with fire extinguishing systems there isdifferent methods of fire detection. These methods include a non-electrical fire detection system or an active fire detection system. A non-electrical fire detection system does not require power to detect a fire. Instead, fire alarm tubes are installed in the building. When exposed to fire or heat, the pipes burst, releasing a clean agent to smother the fire.

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Active detections work a little differently. this methodconstantly monitors and monitors the data center for smoke or heat. When these elements are detected, the fire system is activated. However, this system requires electricity. If hePower failure in the data center, the fire alarm system is deactivated.

These methods of fire detection and suppression systems can be beneficial for a data center.. They all have the same goal: to stop the fire as quickly as possible. Fire can be prevented from spreading throughout the building and endangering human life.

All of this valuable equipment in a data center needs to be protected from fire. these methodsallow you to protect everyone in those areas.

Now that you understand the importance of data center fire suppression systems, you can choose the best course of action for your needs.Firefighting is essential to keep your data safe.While there are many options on the market, you need to choose a solution that maximizes data center security.

Data center firefighting is an essential system

Unfortunately, data center fires can happen in the blink of an eye. Often these fires are the result of poor maintenance or faulty equipment. In other words, the operators could have warned them if the data center had been properly cared for and kept clean. Even with best practices, there can still be an accident in the data center where equipment can catch fire. In these situations, you want to make surehave a fire suppression system that protects your people and equipment from fire.

There is no one-size-fits-all approach to data center suppression systems.Fire suppression is vital to prevent the fire from spreading and to protect all necessary equipment.. In recent decades there has been a growing need for these systems. While you can rely on the traditional water spray method, it will leave you thousands of dollars in damage and extended downtime for your data center. The risk of fire is always there, but you can take steps to prevent major damage.

When it comes time to choose the right option, you will need to work with the data management team to determine what is appropriate for your situation.These systems are critical to the operation of your data center.Whether you use water mist or gas to extinguish fires, you can reduce fire damage. Most of these incidents are usually accidental, but the fire suppression system can prevent the flames from engulfing the entire building. At the same time, you can help save the lives of your dedicated employees.

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Looking for a way to keep your data center clean to prevent fires? Take a look at our data center cleaning services from the experienced team at.Contact us to find out what we can do for your data center!


What are the requirements for fire suppression in a data center? ›

Good data center fire protection requires four elements: mitigation, detection, suppression and recovery. This means you have facility elements in place to prevent fires from occurring, alert staff when a fire does happen, put out or control a fire and repair facilities after fire damage.

What are 4 components that a fire suppression system include? ›

The basic components of a fire protection system include detection methods, alarms and notification devices, control panels, power supplies, the release mechanisms, and the suppressants themselves.

What is the best type of fire suppression system recommended for a datacenter? ›

Clean Agent Systems

Clean agent suppression systems are excellent options for data centers. They are defined as electrically non-conductive gaseous fire extinguishing agents that do not leave a residue upon evaporation. The most common agents are FM-200™ and Novec 1230™.

What are the three levels of data center fire protection? ›

Fire protection in the data center

Given the numerous fire hazards in data centers, fire protection is necessary at three levels: the building, room and rack levels.

What are three elements components of a basic fire suppression system? ›

Basic Fire Suppression

The fire triangle is a graphic representation of the three components that must be present for combustion to occur: 1) fuel, 2) heat, and 3) oxygen.

What are the 4 methods of fire suppression? ›

All fires can be extinguished by cooling, smothering, starving or by interrupting the combustion process to extinguish the fire.

What are the two types of fire suppression operations? ›

All fire-suppression operations are either offensive or defensive:
  • Offensive—Tasks performed inside. Used when the fire is not too large or dangerous to be extinguished using interior handlines.
  • Defensive—Tasks performed outside.

What is the most common type of fire suppression system? ›

Water. A fire suppression system that relies on water is the most common type of fire suppression system, and most people choose to have them installed in businesses and buildings.

What NFPA code is data center? ›

Data Center Fire Protection Standards: NFPA 75 & 76

NFPA 75 (the Standard for the Fire Protection of Information Technology Equipment) is the minimum requirement for data centers to pass national building code requirements and avoid penalties. NFPA 75 calls for: Fire sprinkler systems.

What do datacenter firewalls include? ›

A data center firewall is a software or hardware device that monitors traffic entering and exiting an organization's network — or, as network perimeters fragment, a portion of that network, down to the workload level — to filter out external threats.

What is the difference between fire protection system and fire suppression system? ›

Fire prevention systems aim to minimize potential fire hazards. Fire protection reduces damage and helps to safely evacuate a building. Fire suppression systems are intended to extinguish the flames.

What are the different types of fire suppression systems NFPA? ›

Types of sprinkler systems permissible by NFPA 13, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems, are wet, dry, preaction, and deluge. Other types of extinguishing systems, such as clean agent or water mist, are addressed by other standards.

What are Tier 3 standards for data center? ›

Tier 3: A Tier 3 data center has multiple paths for power and cooling and systems in place to update and maintain it without taking it offline. It has an expected uptime of 99.982% (1.6 hours of downtime annually).

What is a Tier 3 or 4 data center? ›

Tier 3: A data center with multiple paths for power and cooling, and redundant systems that allow the staff to work on the setup without taking it offline. This tier has an expected uptime of 99.982% per year. Tier 4: A completely fault-tolerant data center with redundancy for every component.

What are the 5 steps to prevent a fire? ›

  1. Check electrical equipment and remove defective equipment.
  2. Ensure electrical cords are in good condition.
  3. Plug appliances and lights into separate electrical outlets.
  4. Avoid using extension cords. ...
  5. Use extension cords safety - not under carpets or across walking areas.
  6. Use only one device per outlet.

What is the most important element in fire suppression? ›

One of the most important components of a fire protection system is the automatic fire sprinklers. In general, a sprinkler is activated by the heat put off by the fire once it reaches a certain temperature at the ceiling around that particular head.

What are the three 3 major components needed before fire is produced? ›

Oxygen, heat, and fuel are frequently referred to as the "fire triangle." Add in the fourth element, the chemical reaction, and you actually have a fire "tetrahedron." The important thing to remember is: take any of these four things away, and you will not have a fire or the fire will be extinguished.

What is a Type 1 fire suppression system? ›

Class 1 fire protection system means a fire protection system that is directly connected to a public water main and on which all sprinkler drains discharge into the atmosphere, dry wells or other safe outlets.

What is the basic principle of fire suppression? ›

The basic principle is to suppress combustion through a foam layer that aims to reduce the oxygen supply from the air that feeds the fire. Depending on the type of hydrocarbon, an inadequate foam can be diluted by the hydrocarbon itself during the application, which makes it ineffective for fire fighting.

What is the 4 step standard procedure of reducing risk of fire? ›

In a general sense, the steps you need to take to minimise a fire risk are the same as your role in minimising all health and safety risks: identify, assess, control and monitor.

What does the C stand for in the acronym slicers? ›

It stands for Size-up, Locate the fire, Isolate the flow path, Cool from a safe distance, Extinguish, Rescue and Salvage at any time in the process.

How many fire suppression systems are there? ›

The types of fire suppression systems include clean agent, chemical clean agents, inert gases, CO2, and water-based systems. Each type of suppression can be used in different situations, like a warehouse or commercial kitchen, depending on the needs and location of a business.

What chemicals are used in fire suppression system? ›

There are two main chemicals employed by dry chemical fire suppression systems: sodium bicarbonate and mono-ammonium phosphate. Sodium bicarbonate can handle all Class B fires and some Class C fires, while mono-ammonium phosphate is an all-purpose solution used for fires in Classes A, B, and C.

What is the safest fire suppression system? ›

FM-200 is the best fire suppression system for a number of situations, including: Offices or other places where people may be present during a fire. FM-200 is non-toxic, and the health impact of a fire suppression system is always important in areas where crowds are frequent.

What is a FM-200 fire suppression system? ›

What is FM-200? FM-200 is a clean agent fire suppressant for Class A, B, and C fires. It's a colorless, non-toxic gas that leaves no residue. For these reasons, it's an ideal solution for protecting high-value assets in areas that are occupied and in locations where the cleanup of other agents is problematic.

What is the ashrae code for data centers? ›

The ASHRAE 90.4 Energy Standard for Data Centers is applicable to data centers with a floor area greater than 20 W/ft2 and IT equipment loads greater than 10 kW.

What is the NFPA 75 standard protection information technology? ›

Standard for the Fire Protection of Information Technology Equipment. This standard covers the requirements for the protection of information technology equipment and information technology equipment areas from fire damage by fire or its associated effects--smoke, corrosion, heat, and water.

What is NFPA 70 commonly known as? ›

Adopted in all 50 states, NFPA 70, National Electrical Code (NEC) is the benchmark for safe electrical design, installation, and inspection to protect people and property from electrical hazards.

What are the 3 main purposes of a datacenter? ›

The Role of the Data Center

Data centers are an integral part of the enterprise, designed to support business applications and provide services such as: Data storage, management, backup and recovery.

What are the four major areas firewall must consider? ›

Firewall architecture is built upon four primary components — network policy, advanced authentication, packet filtering, and application gateways.

What are the different types of fire protection systems? ›

  • Portable Fire Extinguishers. Portable Fire Extinguishers are considered the first line of defense to combat small fires limited in size. ...
  • Fire Alarm Systems. ...
  • Fire Sprinklers. ...
  • Fire Pumps. ...
  • Standpipe Systems. ...
  • Special Fire Suppression Systems. ...
  • Testing and Inspection.

What are the four classes of fire according to NFPA? ›

Types of Fires according to NFPA 10 2018
  • Class A – The result of common combustible materials, such as wood, cloth, paper, and many plastics.
  • Class B – Burn in flammable liquids, combustible liquids, petroleum greases, oils, alcohols, and flammable gases.
  • Class C – Involve energized electrical equipment.
Jun 8, 2022

What is a Type 4 fire system? ›

Type 4 – Automatic fire alarm system. activated by smoke detectors and manual. call points.

What are the four NFPA classifications of fire cause? ›

There are four classifications of fire cause: accidental, natural, incendiary, and undetermined.

What are the OSHA requirements for fire suppression system? ›

OSHA requires a minimum-rated 10B fire extinguisher be provided within 50 feet of the point of job site use of more than 5 gallons of flammable or combustible liquids or 5 pounds of flammable gas.

What is the NFPA code for data centers? ›

Data Center Fire Protection Standards: NFPA 75 & 76

NFPA 75 (the Standard for the Fire Protection of Information Technology Equipment) is the minimum requirement for data centers to pass national building code requirements and avoid penalties. NFPA 75 calls for: Fire sprinkler systems.

Is fire suppression required in server rooms? ›

These are some major requirements needed to protect your server room from fire, and also reduce damage in case of any fire incident. 1. A fire suppression system is a must for any server room.

What is the general requirement for fire command Centre FCC? ›

The critical usage of FCC during fire emergency requires that lighting/ventilation and other power supply should come from standby power source e.g. generator set. The supply & exhaust ductworks of the mechanical ventilation shall be independent of any other ductwork serving other parts of the building.

What is Class B and C fires? ›

Class B: Flammable liquids such as alcohol, ether, oil, gasoline and grease, which are best extinguished by smothering. Class C: Electrical equipment, appliances and wiring in which the use or a nonconductive extinguishing agent prevents injury from electrical shock. Don't use water.

What is the 18 inch rule? ›

The 18-inch applies only to areas that have sprinklers installed. Picture a horizontal plane parallel to the ceiling that is 18 inches below the sprinkler heads. Nothing should be in that area between the bottom of the sprinkler heads and the imaginary horizontal plane parallel to the ceiling that is 18 inches below.

What are the six types of fixed fire extinguishing systems? ›

The six main fire extinguisher types are water, foam, CO2, powder, water mist and wet chemical. Each of the different types of fire extinguisher is suitable for different fire classes. It is important that you purchase the right fire extinguisher for your needs.

What is NFPA 70 requirement? ›

NFPA 70E, ARTICLE 110.1. A requires that the employer implement and document an electrical safety program—as part of the employer's overall occupational health and safety management system— that directs employees on the proper procedures.

Is fire suppression the same as fire protection? ›

To briefly summarise, here are the main differences between fire protection, prevention and suppression: Fire prevention systems aim to minimize potential fire hazards. Fire protection reduces damage and helps to safely evacuate a building. Fire suppression systems are intended to extinguish the flames.

What is the most appropriate type of fire suppression system to install in a data center computer room? ›

The best option is to install a clean agent fire suppression system. This is a gaseous system that works either by depriving flames of oxygen or heat. The most significant benefit of clean agents is that they leave no residue behind, allowing them to suppress flames without irreparably damaging your IT equipment.

Why is fire suppression system important in data center? ›

Fire suppression systems are essential to your data center and your employees' safety, as they're designed to stop fires as soon as they start. While you'll likely turn to fire suppression systems to guard your hardware and servers against damage, they're also critical for protecting your employees.

What are the six parts of fire command *? ›

There are six elements in the fire command of the machine gun: alert; direction; description; range; method of fire; and command to open fire.

What are the six principles of command fire department? ›

The six principles of command are divided into six areas with accountability and responsibility grouped under delegation of authority. List the six components of the management cycle. The 6 components of the management cycle consist of planning, organizing, staffing, directing, controlling and evaluating.

What does FCC mean in fire alarm? ›

Fire Code Compliance (FCC) Permits Application Process.


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